Beiträge

Fortress Europe: Die Äquivalenzverfahren der EU im Bereich der Finanzdienstleistungen

The European Union is by far the most important ­market for Swiss cross-border financial services. So far, the key strategy for market access has been to tailor Swiss financial regulation so as to achieve equivalence with EU law. However, the analysis of the current equivalence procedures reveals that equivalence is not the door opener one had hoped for. Core activities such as deposit-taking,…
Prof. Dr. iur. Susan Emmenegger LL.M., Andrea Bigler MLaw
SZW-RSDA 2/2019 | S. 155

Le fonds de placement contractuel immobilier et la Lex Koller

This contribution discusses the treatment of Swiss real estate funds under the Lex Koller. It explains that for­eigners (in the meaning of Lex Koller) may acquire fund’s units and/or shares or participation certificates in the capital of the fund management company (up to full holding) without a Lex Koller authorization. The analysis takes into account the consequences of such purchases on future…
Cécile Berger Meyer LL.M., Dr. iur. Giulia Neri-Castracane
SZW-RSDA 2/2019 | S. 176

Auf dem Weg zu einer digitalen Wettbewerbsordnung – Reaktionen des deutschen Gesetzgebers

Germany changed the Act against Restraints of Competition in 2017, partly in order to give a regulatory answer to the changes of the digital economy. The legislator answered to multi-sided markets with network effects, data-driven business models and the rise of «super platforms». Reforms related to the definition of market and the criteria for market power. A new merger threshold was introduced…

Algorithmen als Anlass für einen neuen Absprachebegriff?

Traditionally, cartels are concluded between natural persons whose behaviour then is imputed to the firms they are acting for. How shall we assess restrictions of competition emanating not from humans, but from algorithms? Long-established definitions of agreements as «concurrence of wills» or «meeting of the minds» do not fit well to the output of machines. Therefore, competition law is…
Prof. Dr. iur. Andreas Heinemann
SZW-RSDA 1/2019 | S. 18

Pouvoir de marché dans le secteur numérique: l’accès à de larges quantités de données est-il suffisant?

In the digital sector, access to large sets of data may provide strategic advantages and thus raises the question as to whether it may be the source of market power within the meaning of competition law. In light of recent case law, we argue that access to big data may confer such power only when particular conditions are met. The data at stake should notably be correlated to specific users. In…

Seuils d’intervention ou examen ex post pour le contrôle des concentrations dans les marchés digitalisés?

Digital markets are open in principle. But network effects may rapidly favour the first successful entrant and establish high entry barriers for followers. In addition, the exchanges are often valued in data access rather than in traditional money terms. These characteristics challenge our merger control regimes. Mandatory notification systems are particularly vulnerable since merger projects in…

La digitalisation du point de vue des consommatrices et consommateurs

Digitalization from the consumer’s point of view can take several forms. Sharing economy, social networks, e-commerce: the digital world for consumers is a vast planet whose various aspects have to be understandable. And consumers cannot be summarized in only one category. This rapid development implies that our legislation must be adapted without hindering the ­dynamism of these markets…

Digitalisierung wettbewerbsrechtlicher Verfahren?

Competition Law proceedings regularly last very long and only limitedly take into account new possibilities for the use of information technology. On the other hand, online procedures have already become more widespread in private dispute resolution and RegTech is being promoted as a new instrument for the exchange of information in the financial market sector. Although it is not possible to…
Prof. Dr. iur. Rolf H. Weber
SZW-RSDA 1/2019 | S. 61

Ursachen der Finanzkrise und seitherige Regulierungsentwicklung

A number of causes have triggered the crisis such as subprime mortgage loans in the US, the lack of regulation of derivatives and also remuneration systems which set wrong incentives. The crisis lead to the abolishment of the banking secrecy at the international level. It was replaced by the automatic exchange of information in tax matters which is now the standard. The crisis initiated the…
Prof. Dr. rer. publ. Peter Nobel
SZW-RSDA 6/2018 | S. 588

Die Rolle der Zentralbanken – 10 Jahre nach der Finanzkrise

For central banks, the financial crisis 2008 led to new insights, but it also confirmed old insights. Old insights that were confirmed concern crisis management, namely the necessity and effectiveness of the central bank’s role as a lender of last resort. The fact that the Fed could not play this role in the case of Lehman Brothers is an important reason why the crisis worsened significantly. New…