Beiträge

La classification des clients selon la loi sur les services financiers

This article looks at the client categorisation system ­reflected in the new Swiss Federal Act on Financial ­Services. Firstly, it defines the notion of client classification before highlighting similar classification mechanisms already existing under the current law. The article goes on to detail the three categories of clients, namely private, professional and institutional, as well as the…

Compliance-Anforderungen für Schweizer Asset Manager alternativer ­Investmentfonds

The European Directive 2011/61/EU (AIFMD) was a reaction of the European legislator to the financial ­crisis of 2007/2008. The Directive aims to provide for a harmonized and stringent regulatory and supervisory framework for the activities within the EU of all Alternative Investment Fund Managers (AIFM). Due to its fund manager focused approach, AIFMD imposes authorization requirements and…

Strafprozessuale Kontosperren bei ausstehenden Lombardkrediten – Ein Problem für die kreditgebende Bank

Lombard credits are a widespread financial instrument. They may however lead to problems for the lender, usually a bank, if the assets pledged as a security for the loan become the subject of a seizure by criminal authorities. A seizure renders it impossible for the bank to realize the assets if the borrower is in default with repayment obligations. In order to have the seizure lifted, the bank…

Gedanken zum einstweiligen Rechtsschutz gegen pflichtwidriges Handeln von Verwaltungsräten

Swiss law does not allow for the challenge of resolutions taken by the board of directors of a corporation, and only in extreme cases they may be deemed null and void. However, according to a recent decision by the Swiss Federal Supreme Court, this does not exclude claims against a corporation to enforce statutory rights that were denied by the board of directors. Against the background of this…

Towards the European Banking Union: Ins versus Outs

The Banking Union is going to change the structure and organization of banking and financial markets in Europe. It will also bring about noticeable changes in the interaction of these sectors with other parts of our economies, and thus their functioning. Most recent commentary has focussed on the direct, immediate impact of a new Single Supervisor setting up business. Whilst important, the long…

Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown – Zur Rolle des Verwaltungsrates in schweizerischen Publikumsgesellschaften

The board of directors of a Swiss public company is stuck between a rock and a hard place. Shareholders breathe down directors’ necks with earnings expectations, but the results are delivered by an executive management under the board’s control rather than by the board itself. The executives who run the business on a day-to-day basis know the company better than the board. This allows them to…

Global agieren, lokal profitieren – und keine Verantwortung?

The debate about responsible business conduct has gained new momentum in Switzerland due to the responsible business initiative («Konzernverantwortungsinitiative») which triggered the drafting of a counter-­proposal by the National Council in the context of the ongoing revision of the company law. This contribution situates this debate in the relevant international con­text. The analysis’ focus…
Prof. Dr. iur. Christine Kaufmann
SZW-RSDA 4/2018 | S. 329

Gouvernance des groupes: «E Pluribus Unum»?

The atomistic vision of the legal independence of a company comprised within a group reflects a historical conception. This view is not consistent with the reality of the group, which has become a predominant model structure in the economic sphere. The recognition in case-​law of the group’s interest would allow the economic phenomenon to be taken into account in a positive manner, while…
Prof. Dr. iur. Jean-Luc Chenaux, Guy Beroud LL.M.
SZW-RSDA 4/2018 | S. 342

«Gute Praxis» der Unternehmensführung: Was gehört sich und was funktioniert?

The legal means influencing the practice of the board are very largely the rules on director’s liability. The case law of the Federal Court has recently made these rules more efficient and more foreseeable through the development of a Swiss version of the Business Judgement Rule (BJR). They could be further improved if the Courts were to integrate Corporate Governance models in the BJR condition…

Pflichten des Verwaltungsrats einer möglichen Zielgesellschaft

Even though the shareholders are the addressees of a takeover bid, the sale process of a listed target company is largely determined by the target’s board of directors: The board of directors is responsible for the negotiations prior to the publication of a takeover bid and can often influence by its actions whether a (possibly un­friendly) takeover bid will occur. Of decisive importance for the…